django使用多个数据库

通过官方文档https://docs.djangoproject.com/zh-hans/3.1/topics/db/multi-db/和csdnhttps://blog.csdn.net/songfreeman/article/details/70229839的这两篇文章可以进行多数据库的设置。但是设置后可能会出现问题,由于我连接的数据库是通过inspactdb的方法得到的model。于是在migrate的时候出现了问题,会提示 1146, “Table xxx doesn’t exist” 。后来发现问题可能出在路由表上,按照DATABASE_APPS_MAPPING映射之后,django默认的表如果要写入可能会找不到数据库。而源代码里的映射关系并不包含新加入的app,例如grappelli等。

DATABASE_APPS_MAPPING = {
# example:
# 'app_name':'database_name',
# 'admin': 'default',
# 'users': 'default', #django
'basic_estate': 'basic_estate',
'footstone': 'footstone',
'mall': 'hsmall',
'iot_biz': 'iot_biz',
'mall': 'mall',
'hsuser': 'hsuser',
}

如果要解决这个问题可以修改router代码,在映射关系内找不到对应的数据库的情况下返回默认数据库连接即可:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
@author: obaby
@license: (C) Copyright 2013-2020, obaby@mars.
@contact: root@obaby.org.cn
@link: http://www.obaby.org.cn
        http://www.h4ck.org.cn
        http://www.findu.co
@file: atabase_router.py.py
@time: 2021/2/26 9:07
@desc:
"""
from django.conf import settings
 
DATABASE_MAPPING = settings.DATABASE_APPS_MAPPING
 
 
class DatabaseAppsRouter(object):
    """
    A router to control all database operations on models for different
    databases.
 
    In case an app is not set in settings.DATABASE_APPS_MAPPING, the router
    will fallback to the `default` database.
 
    Settings example:
 
    DATABASE_APPS_MAPPING = {'app1': 'db1', 'app2': 'db2'}
    """
 
    def db_for_read(self, model, **hints):
        """"Point all read operations to the specific database."""
        if model._meta.app_label in DATABASE_MAPPING:
            return DATABASE_MAPPING[model._meta.app_label]
        return 'default'
 
    def db_for_write(self, model, **hints):
        """Point all write operations to the specific database."""
        if model._meta.app_label in DATABASE_MAPPING:
            return DATABASE_MAPPING[model._meta.app_label]
        return 'default'
 
    def allow_relation(self, obj1, obj2, **hints):
        """Allow any relation between apps that use the same database."""
        db_obj1 = DATABASE_MAPPING.get(obj1._meta.app_label)
        db_obj2 = DATABASE_MAPPING.get(obj2._meta.app_label)
        if db_obj1 and db_obj2:
            if db_obj1 == db_obj2:
                return True
            else:
                return False
        return None
 
    def allow_syncdb(self, db, model):
        """Make sure that apps only appear in the related database."""
 
        if db in DATABASE_MAPPING.values():
            return DATABASE_MAPPING.get(model._meta.app_label) == db
        elif model._meta.app_label in DATABASE_MAPPING:
            return False
        return None
 
    def allow_migrate(self, db, app_label, model=None, **hints):
        """
        Make sure the auth app only appears in the 'auth_db'
        database.
        """
        if db in DATABASE_MAPPING.values():
            return DATABASE_MAPPING.get(app_label) == db
        elif app_label in DATABASE_MAPPING:
            return False
        return None

这样django系统所需的数据库就能正常创建了:

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